The education system at schooling level consists of nine years of Basic Education (Grades 1 to 9) and three years of High School (Grade 10 to 12). Examinations are conducted at the end of Grades 7, 9, and 12. School Certificate and General Certificate of Education Examinations are held at the end of Grade 12 and allow for entry into University. All these levels, including Teacher Education, fall under the Ministry of Education.

Zambia, upon gaining its independence in 1964, begun to formulate new policies on technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in 1969. During the 1970s, TVET was developed as a comprehensive system for providing the required human resources in a broad range of skills within the established programmes of the technical disciplines. The Technical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Authority (TEVETA) was established under the Technical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Act No. 13 of 1998 and is responsible for the regulation of training provision and certification at the qualification levels of Trades Certificates, Craft Certificates, Technician and Diploma. Technical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training (TEVET) is the responsibility of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Vocational Training. 

First degree and postgraduate qualifications are offered by the Universities. Achievement at prescribed levels at School Certificate and General Certificate of Education serve as entry requirements for study towards first degree qualifications.

The Ministry of Education is also working on the establishment of the Zambia Qualifications Framework, which will be a tool for the harmonization of all qualifications in the country’s education and training system, and assure learner progression. Figure 1 illustrates the planned structure of the education and training system.  

“To be an efficient and effective higher education regulatory agency which will bring forth a quality higher education system which is well coordinated, accessible, equitable, responsive and relevant.”

“To develop and regulate a quality higher education system which produces individuals who are well equipped to contribute to national development.

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